How Long does it take Catfish to Grow in Nigeria?

Spread the love

Hi there, embarking on catfish farming in Nigeria is both an exciting and rewarding venture, offering numerous opportunities for beginners and seasoned farmers alike. Here’s a helpful guide to getting you started and ensuring your success in the catfish farming business.

Growth Timeline for Catfish

  • Initial Stage: It takes about 40 to 60 days to grow fry (baby fish) to approximately 20 grams.
  • Grow-out Stage: Following the initial phase, catfish require about 90 to 120 days to reach a marketable size of 1 kg​​.

Feeding Your Catfish Feeding constitutes 60-70% of the total production cost, making it a critical factor for your farm’s profitability. Catfish have a feeding schedule of early mornings and evenings, and it’s crucial to provide them with high-quality feed to ensure rapid growth and health. Floating feeds are popular as they allow farmers to monitor the fish’s feeding behavior, but they are more expensive than sinking feeds, which dissolve easily in water and are cheaper​​​​.

Choosing the Right Feed

  • Floating Feed: Water-stable and allows for easy monitoring of fish feeding.
  • Sinking Feed: Cheaper than floating feed and easily dissolves in water.
  • Supplementary Feed: Includes maggot, poultry waste, and brewery waste to supplement main feeds​​.

Catfish Species in Nigeria Commonly grown species include Clarias gariepinus, Heterobranchus bidorsalis, and hybrids like Heteroclarias. These species are well-adapted to the Nigerian climate and conditions for commercial farming​​.

Budget Considerations For a successful operation, ensure a reliable supply of feed. As of a certain period, feeding 1000 pieces of catfish from juvenile to table size within 15 weeks could require a budget of about N200,000. Feed prices can vary, so it’s essential to choose high-quality feeds that are cost-effective and promote rapid growth​​.

Marketing and Sales Effective marketing is crucial to the profitability of your catfish farming business. Begin your marketing efforts the day you decide to start your farm. Understand the market prices, costs of feeds, and overall running costs to make informed decisions. Maintaining accurate records of purchases, sales, and customers is also vital for business success​​.

Getting Started To dive into catfish farming:

  1. Start with thorough research and a solid business plan.
  2. Choose the right location with access to good water.
  3. Prepare your pond adequately and ensure a reliable water source.
  4. Select healthy, high-yielding fingerlings for better growth potential.
  5. Feed your fish with nutritious feed, adhering to a regular feeding schedule to ensure their rapid growth and health​​​​.

Embarking on catfish farming in Nigeria requires dedication, proper planning, and adherence to best practices. By following this guide, you’re setting the stage for a successful and profitable venture. Feel free to reach out if you’re looking to buy or need further guidance on starting your catfish farm. Wishing you the best of luck on this exciting journey!

What are the best species of catfish for farming in Nigeria? In Nigeria, Clarias gariepinus, Heterobranchus bidorsalis, and hybrids like Heteroclarias are the most popular and suitable species for commercial catfish farming due to their adaptability to the local climate and conditions​​​​.

How much does it cost to feed catfish from juvenile to table size? Feeding catfish from juvenile to table size, approximately 15 weeks, requires a budget of around N200,000. This estimate is based on using quality feed like Coppens and Vital feed, which are among the options available in Lagos, Nigeria​​.

What type of feed should I use for my catfish? For catfish, floating feed and sinking feed are both used. Floating feed allows for easy monitoring of fish feeding but is more expensive. Sinking feed is cheaper and dissolves easily in water. Supplementary feeds like maggot and poultry waste can also be used to enhance growth​​.

How often should catfish be fed? Catfish prefer to eat early in the morning and in the evening. Consistency is key, so stick to a regular feeding schedule. Feeding can be done twice or thrice a day depending on your routine, but always ensure the fish are fed at the same times each day​​​​.

What’s the growth period for catfish to reach market size in Nigeria? Catfish can reach market size, about 1 kg, within 90 to 120 days from the grow-out stage. This period is crucial for ensuring the catfish are adequately fed and managed to reach the desired size for sale

Leave a Comment

× Click to Book a Consultation Today